Pregnancy and Oral Health – Effect on the Development of Baby

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A woman, during her entire life, has to undergo major life transitions such as puberty, marriage, pregnancy, postpartum, and menopause. These significant life transitions can have a major impact on the overall health of a woman.

One of the most significant phases of a woman’s life is pregnancy. It is a phase where women have to be extra cautious about their health as it can negatively affect the development of the baby. With pregnancy, a woman must expect some major changes in her body. From her hair, physique, to her teeth, everything will undergo significant changes.

Pregnancy and Dental Problems

Women who are expecting, take proper care of their physical and mental health. What these women miss out on is their dental health. Not many people are aware of the fact that taking care of oral health is crucial during pregnancy.

Pregnancy and Oral Health

Pregnancy cannot directly damage the teeth of women, and the famous saying that every woman must expect to lose a tooth for every baby she gives birth to is nothing more than a myth. In the older times, people believed that when an expecting mother’s body falls short of calcium, it uses the teeth’s calcium to make up for it. It is a misconception as in such a case; it is the bones that provide the body with the calcium to make up for the deficiency.

However, there are a number of dental problems that some pregnant women can fall victim to, therefore, taking proper care and visiting a dentist regularly is crucial.

Pregnancy Gingivitis

During pregnancy, hormonal imbalance is common. It is not something to worry about. An expecting woman might experience frequent mood changes. In addition to this, the bladder gets weak, and it even gives rise to unusual food cravings. Another side effect of pregnancy is inflammation and bleeding in the gums.

Inflammation and bleeding in the gums is a sign of gingivitis. It is the mildest form of periodontal disease, which might turn into advanced periodontitis if treatment is delayed for long. Advanced periodontitis is the severest form of periodontal disease and may lead to loss of teeth.

In case an expecting woman experiences inflammation and bleeding in the gums, it is best to visit a dentist for proper instructions.

Pregnancy Tumors

Hormonal changes can lead to some serious problems during pregnancy. One disease that many pregnant women are at a high risk of is pregnancy tumors. These tumors may appear in the second trimester.

These tumors appear like raspberries between the teeth and can scare women. However, these tumors are not very severe and not at all malignant. These tumors may cause discomfort and can instill fear among women. It is an unusual growth that dentists can remove if they are causing pain or discomfort in the mouth of a woman.

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Pregnancy Dental Cavities

Another dental health risk in women who are expecting is cavities. The contributing factors here are behavioral changes and eating habits. Women are exposed to an increased number of cavity-causing bacteria.

Not addressing the cavity problem can transfer the cavity-causing bacteria to the developing baby. It is a serious concern among pregnant women.

Effect of Morning Sickness on Oral Health

Experiencing morning sickness is common among expecting mothers. It might not seem like a serious problem, but it can have a significant impact on oral health. Morning sickness leads to the release of strong acids in the stomach, which can erode the enamel on the teeth.

Heartburn and acidity cause similar effects to the teeth, which can affect the strength of the teeth and even pave the way for teeth loss.

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Effects of Dental Problems on Developing Baby

Dental problems might not seem like a very serious issue during pregnancy, given the number of other serious health risks. People who delay the treatment of dental problems during pregnancy are putting the development of their baby at risk.

According to studies, dental diseases can have a negative impact on the development of the baby. Women who think that visiting a dentist during pregnancy is not something of high importance need to revisit their thoughts.

Improper dental care during pregnancy leads to premature births and even low birth weight. Both these problems can put a life of the newborn in jeopardy. The prematurely born babies and those born with low weight are at a high risk of serious health conditions, which can ruin their entire life. Many infants born prematurely may even lose their lives.

Researchers have found out that 18% of all premature births are a result of periodontal diseases in mothers. An expecting mother must see a professional dental care expert so that they can properly examine the teeth and gums for signs of diseases

Causes of Dental Health Problems in Expecting Mothers

Dental health problems are a major concern during the nine months of pregnancy and in severe conditions, may affect the development of the baby. Common causes of dental health problems during pregnancy include inflammation in the gums, excessive vomiting, intake of sugary foods and drinks, and retching while brushing. Gingivitis, pregnancy epulis or pyogenic granuloma are the common gum problems that a woman can experience during the three trimesters of pregnancy.

Excessive vomiting during pregnancy can cause serious dental problems in expecting moms. The ring of muscle that is responsible for keeping the food in the stomach softens during pregnancy, which leads to excessive vomiting. Brushing the teeth during pregnancy can provoke retching, which leads to tooth decay.

Ways to Avoid Dental Problems During Pregnancy

Proper dental care can help women get rid of dental problems during pregnancy, helping in better development of the baby. Here are some ways pregnant women can avoid falling victim t dental problems.

Avoid Sugary Foods and Drinks

A lot of women increase the consumption of sugary drinks and foods while they are expecting. The reason behind it is an unusual food craving. As much as women want to fulfill their food cravings, these sugary drinks and foods can negatively impact the oral health of a woman.

Increase Calcium Intake

During the three trimesters of pregnancy, a woman might fall victim to calcium deficiency. It is important that expecting women to increase their intake of calcium to cover the deficiency in their bodies. The best sources of calcium include milk, cheese, unsweetened yogurt, and calcium-fortified soymilk.

Increase Vitamin D

Adequate amounts of Vitamin D ensure that your body consumes the calcium. The sources of Vitamin D include cheese, margarine, fatty fish, and eggs.

Consult 4Smile

For the best dental health care consultancy during pregnancy, you need to consult the most experienced dental experts. They will provide you with the most effective tips to avoid falling victim to dental problems.

4Smile has been serving its clients with the best consultancy services and helping them improve their dental health using simple home remedies!

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